Introduce about hand smocking technique (Part 1)

Smocked clothing is traditional clothing of many countries and it is loved by many people. However, not everyone also understands about hand smocking technique. So, in this article, I will give you some interesting information about hand smocking technique. Let’s read now and get more knowledge of this traditional technique.

What is hand smocking?

Smocking was used most extensively in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Smocking is an embroidery technique used to gather fabric so that it can stretch. Before elastic, smocking was commonly used in cuffs, bodices, and necklines in garments where buttons were undesirable. Smocking patterns can range from the most detailed of patterns to the most simplistic. Throughout the decades smocking has become both functional as well as decorative. Different types of smocked patterns have evolved and include not only the sewing instructions but cutting and pleating directions as well.

Smocking developed in England and has been practiced since the Middle Ages and is unusual among embroidery methods in that it was often worn by laborers. Other major embroidery styles are purely decorative and represented status symbols. Smocking was practical for garments to be both form fitting and flexible, hence its name derives from smock.

What fabric do hand smocking?

Smocking requires lightweight fabric with a stable weave that gathers well. Cotton and silk are typical fabric to do smocking. Smocking is worked on a crewel embroidery needle in cotton or silk thread and normally requires three times the width of initial material as the finished item will have.

I have shared with you some general information about hand smocking technique. Do you want to know more interesting information? Let’s wait for the next part and continue discovering!



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